Source code for distributed.variable

import asyncio
import logging
import uuid
from collections import defaultdict
from contextlib import suppress

from tlz import merge

from dask.utils import parse_timedelta, stringify

from .client import Client, Future
from .utils import TimeoutError, log_errors
from .worker import get_client, get_worker

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

class VariableExtension:
    """An extension for the scheduler to manage Variables

    This adds the following routes to the scheduler

    *  variable-set
    *  variable-get
    *  variable-delete

    def __init__(self, scheduler):
        self.scheduler = scheduler
        self.variables = dict()
        self.waiting = defaultdict(set)
        self.waiting_conditions = defaultdict(asyncio.Condition)
        self.started = asyncio.Condition()

            {"variable_set": self.set, "variable_get": self.get}

        self.scheduler.stream_handlers["variable-future-release"] = self.future_release
        self.scheduler.stream_handlers["variable_delete"] = self.delete

        self.scheduler.extensions["variables"] = self

    async def set(self, comm=None, name=None, key=None, data=None, client=None):
        if key is not None:
            record = {"type": "Future", "value": key}
            self.scheduler.client_desires_keys(keys=[key], client="variable-%s" % name)
            record = {"type": "msgpack", "value": data}
            old = self.variables[name]
        except KeyError:
            if old["type"] == "Future" and old["value"] != key:
                asyncio.ensure_future(self.release(old["value"], name))
        if name not in self.variables:
            async with self.started:
        self.variables[name] = record

    async def release(self, key, name):
        while self.waiting[key, name]:
            async with self.waiting_conditions[name]:
                await self.waiting_conditions[name].wait()

        self.scheduler.client_releases_keys(keys=[key], client="variable-%s" % name)
        del self.waiting[key, name]

    async def future_release(self, name=None, key=None, token=None, client=None):
        self.waiting[key, name].remove(token)
        if not self.waiting[key, name]:
            async with self.waiting_conditions[name]:

    async def get(self, comm=None, name=None, client=None, timeout=None):
        start = self.scheduler.loop.time()
        while name not in self.variables:
            if timeout is not None:
                left = timeout - (self.scheduler.loop.time() - start)
                left = None
            if left and left < 0:
                raise TimeoutError()

                async def _():  # Python 3.6 is odd and requires special help here
                    await self.started.acquire()
                    await self.started.wait()

                await asyncio.wait_for(_(), timeout=left)

        record = self.variables[name]
        if record["type"] == "Future":
            key = record["value"]
            token = uuid.uuid4().hex
            ts = self.scheduler.tasks.get(key)
            state = ts.state if ts is not None else "lost"
            msg = {"token": token, "state": state}
            if state == "erred":
                msg["exception"] = ts.exception_blame.exception
                msg["traceback"] = ts.exception_blame.traceback
            record = merge(record, msg)
            self.waiting[key, name].add(token)
        return record

    async def delete(self, comm=None, name=None, client=None):
        with log_errors():
                old = self.variables[name]
            except KeyError:
                if old["type"] == "Future":
                    await self.release(old["value"], name)
            with suppress(KeyError):
                del self.waiting_conditions[name]
            with suppress(KeyError):
                del self.variables[name]

            self.scheduler.remove_client("variable-%s" % name)

[docs]class Variable: """Distributed Global Variable This allows multiple clients to share futures and data between each other with a single mutable variable. All metadata is sequentialized through the scheduler. Race conditions can occur. Values must be either Futures or msgpack-encodable data (ints, lists, strings, etc..) All data will be kept and sent through the scheduler, so it is wise not to send too much. If you want to share a large amount of data then ``scatter`` it and share the future instead. .. warning:: This object is experimental and has known issues in Python 2 Parameters ---------- name: string (optional) Name used by other clients and the scheduler to identify the variable. If not given, a random name will be generated. client: Client (optional) Client used for communication with the scheduler. If not given, the default global client will be used. Examples -------- >>> from dask.distributed import Client, Variable # doctest: +SKIP >>> client = Client() # doctest: +SKIP >>> x = Variable('x') # doctest: +SKIP >>> x.set(123) # docttest: +SKIP >>> x.get() # docttest: +SKIP 123 >>> future = client.submit(f, x) # doctest: +SKIP >>> x.set(future) # doctest: +SKIP See Also -------- Queue: shared multi-producer/multi-consumer queue between clients """ def __init__(self, name=None, client=None, maxsize=0): try: self.client = client or Client.current() except ValueError: # Initialise new client self.client = get_worker().client = name or "variable-" + uuid.uuid4().hex async def _set(self, value): if isinstance(value, Future): await self.client.scheduler.variable_set( key=stringify(value.key), ) else: await self.client.scheduler.variable_set(data=value,
[docs] def set(self, value, **kwargs): """Set the value of this variable Parameters ---------- value : Future or object Must be either a Future or a msgpack-encodable value """ return self.client.sync(self._set, value, **kwargs)
async def _get(self, timeout=None): d = await self.client.scheduler.variable_get( timeout=timeout,, ) if d["type"] == "Future": value = Future(d["value"], self.client, inform=True, state=d["state"]) if d["state"] == "erred": value._state.set_error(d["exception"], d["traceback"]) self.client._send_to_scheduler( { "op": "variable-future-release", "name":, "key": d["value"], "token": d["token"], } ) else: value = d["value"] return value
[docs] def get(self, timeout=None, **kwargs): """Get the value of this variable Parameters ---------- timeout : number or string or timedelta, optional Time in seconds to wait before timing out. Instead of number of seconds, it is also possible to specify a timedelta in string format, e.g. "200ms". """ timeout = parse_timedelta(timeout) return self.client.sync(self._get, timeout=timeout, **kwargs)
[docs] def delete(self): """Delete this variable Caution, this affects all clients currently pointing to this variable. """ if self.client.status == "running": # TODO: can leave zombie futures self.client._send_to_scheduler({"op": "variable_delete", "name":})
def __getstate__(self): return (, self.client.scheduler.address) def __setstate__(self, state): name, address = state try: client = get_client(address) assert client.scheduler.address == address except (AttributeError, AssertionError): client = Client(address, set_as_default=False) self.__init__(name=name, client=client)